Denture: Definition, Types, Cost and Recovery Duration

Dentures are dental prosthetics that are intended to be removed and are designed to replace missing teeth, thereby restoring oral function and appearance. There are several types of dentures available, such as traditional complete full dentures, partial dentures, custom dentures, immediate dentures, implant-supported dentures, snap-in dentures, overdentures, upper dentures, and economy dentures. Every type is tailored to accommodate varying patient requirements and inclinations. The pricing of dentures is subject to variation depending on factors like the type of denture, materials employed, and fees charged by dental professionals.

Typical indications that dentures are required include challenges with mastication, communication, or noticeable spaces in the smile because of absent teeth. Tooth loss arises from multiple etiologies, including gum disease, dental caries, or trauma.

There exist potential risk factors and side effects that are associated with dentures, which involve discomfort and difficulty in adjusting to the appliance. The postoperative phase following denture placement generally spans from 4 to 8 weeks, during which the patient adjusts to the dentures and experiences improvements in both comfort and functionality.

What is Denture?

Denture Definition

A denture, commonly alluded to as “false teeth,” is a detachable dental appliance that is custom-made to supplant lost teeth and the delicate tissues encompassing them, like the gums. Dentures are prosthetic gadgets which offer support for the facial features and restore function, enabling the wearer to communicate, chew, and grin with confidence.

There have been numerous denture methods accessible, depending on the client’s requests. Complete dentures are utilized when an individual has lost all of their natural teeth and substitute all of the teeth in the top or bottom arch. They are either conventional or immediate dentures.

Conventional dentures are embedded into the mouth after the gums have recuperated following tooth extraction, while immediate dentures are embedded immediately after tooth extraction, enabling the client to have teeth while the recuperating process is progressing. Partial dentures, on the other hand, substitute one or more lost teeth and are frequently utilized when a few healthy original teeth remain. Partial dentures are often composed of a metal or acrylic framework that joins to the remaining teeth for support.

Dentures are valuable for a variety of reasons. They contribute to the preservation of correct face structure by avoiding drooping of facial muscles, when one lacks teeth. Dentures additionally improve the wearer’s capacity to talk and eat properly, which boosts one’s general life quality. Dentures are utilized to supplant lost teeth, helping individuals to recover confidence and live a more satisfied professional and social life.

When is a Denture needed?

Denture Definition

Dentures are usually required when a person has lost part or all of their natural teeth due to circumstances such as dental decay, gum disease, or injury. Gum inflammation, which manifests as inflamed gums, redness, pain, bleeding, or swelling, is often indicative of gingivitis or periodontal disease in its early stages. These diseases, if left untreated, worsen and eventually lead to tooth loss, requiring the use of dentures. Dentures are indicated in certain circumstances when the remaining natural teeth are not robust or sufficiently strong to support other tooth replacement alternatives such as dental bridges or implants.

The question "how common are dentures?" is often asked, and the answer is that dentures are very common among the adult population, especially among the elderly. Dentures are becoming an increasingly popular alternative for preserving oral function and beauty as individuals age. Dentures are a low-cost, non-invasive solution for replacing lost teeth, helping people to restore confidence, enhance their quality of life, and retain a healthy, functioning smile.

What are the types of Dentures?

Dentures of different varieties are available to meet the special requirements of people who are lacking teeth. The following are the most prevalent types of dentures:

  • Traditional Complete Full Dentures: These are detachable prosthetic devices that replace all lost upper and lower jaw teeth. They are often composed of acrylic resin and have porcelain or acrylic teeth that lay on the gums.
  • Partial Dentures: Partial dentures are intended to replace just a few lost teeth. They are made out of a metal or acrylic foundation with artificial teeth attached, which are held in place by clasps or precision attachments.
  • Custom Dentures: Custom dentures are made to match the individual's mouth's unique form and characteristics, delivering greater looks, comfort, and function than regular dentures. They are usually built of high-quality materials and need many fits and modifications.
  • Immediate Dentures: These dentures are produced before tooth extraction and inserted in the mouth immediately after tooth extraction. They fill the gap left by lost teeth while the gums and bone mend. They, however, need modifications or replacement with a permanent denture after the healing process is complete.
  • Implant Supported Dentures: These dentures are held in place by dental implants, which improves stability and chewing abilities. Implants are surgically inserted into the jawbone, and the denture is designed to firmly adhere to the implants, limiting movement and slippage.
  • Snap-In Dentures: An implant-supported denture called a "Snap-In Denture" uses a locator attachment mechanism to "snap" onto the implants. They provide better stability and are simple to remove for cleaning.
  • Overdentures: A form of removable denture called an overdenture covers any remaining natural teeth or dental implants. It offers more stability and support, relieving stress on the gums and protecting the underlying bone structure.
  • Upper Dentures: These are removably attached prosthetics made primarily to fill upper jaw tooth gaps. They are often constructed of acrylic and include a plate covering the roof of the mouth that creates suction for improved retention.
  • Economy Dentures: Economy dentures are a cheap choice that often use less expensive materials and have easier fitting procedures. They are probably not as durable or customizable as other choices, but they still give a practical replacement for lost teeth.

1. Traditional Complete Full Dentures

Traditional complete full dentures are prosthetic devices designed to meet the requirements of individuals who are missing all of their upper and/or lower teeth. These prostheses restore the ability to chew, communicate, and smile, while supporting the facial structure and ensuring appropriate occlusion or the way the teeth join together.

Making traditional complete full dentures entails multiple processes. The dentist first takes comprehensive imprints of the patient's gums to achieve a tailored and exact fit. The imprints are subsequently delivered to a dental laboratory, where expert specialists utilize them to produce a unique set of acrylic resin dentures, typically with porcelain or acrylic teeth.

The dentist collaborates with the patient when the dentures are prepared to modify the fit and guarantee the most functional and comfortable positioning. It needs many sessions for modifications and fine-tuning as the patient becomes acclimated to wearing the traditional complete full dentures.

Traditional complete full dentures usually last much longer or much shorter depending on the material, how well they are taken care of, and how the wearer's oral anatomy evolves over time. Dentures last up to 10 years or more with adequate maintenance. However, denture users must visit their dentist often to check any changes in the fit or structural integrity of their dentures. Adjustments are usually required as the gum tissue and bone structure naturally deteriorate with age, weight loss, and/or medical problems.

Denture wearers need to maintain excellent hygiene by cleaning their dentures daily, taking them out at night, and immersing them in a denture-cleaning solution to prolong the life of their dentures and preserve good dental health. The dentist is able to identify any possible problems and assure the continuous health of the patient's gums and other oral tissues, thus it is crucial to keep frequent dental checkups.

2. Partial dentures

Partial dentures are removable dental prosthesis that replace one or more missing teeth, providing the user with both practical and cosmetic advantages. They are utilized while a patient’s natural teeth are still present, and they consist of a metal or acrylic foundation with artificial teeth attached. These dentures are clasped or tightly attached to the remaining natural teeth, rendering stability and support while protecting the health of the original teeth and surrounding gum tissue.

Partial dentures are created by obtaining exact imprints of the patient’s mouth to guarantee a suitable fit and design. The dentist collaborates with the patient to improve the fit and certify its functioning following the fabrication of the denture by the dental laboratory. Partial dentures are subsequently fastened to the remaining natural teeth, filling in the gaps left by losing teeth and restoring chewing and speaking skills.

The longevity of partial dentures is determined by a variety of variables, including the quality of materials utilized, good upkeep, and changes in the wearer’s dental health. Partial dentures endure for 5 to 10 years or more with proper care. However, patients must contact their dentist on a frequent basis to evaluate any modifications in the fit, durability of the dentures, or the condition of the remaining natural teeth. Changes in the gum tissue, bone structure, or the health of the supporting teeth necessitate adjustments.

Patients must clean their partial dentures daily, remove them at night, and soak them in a denture-cleaning solution to extend the life of their dentures and preserve excellent dental health. Regular dental check-ups are critical for detecting any problems and guaranteeing the efficacy of dentures.

3. Custom Dentures

Custom dentures are individualized dental prostheses that are built to meet an individual's exact demands and requirements in the mouth, providing greater aesthetics, comfort, and usefulness over ordinary dentures. They are either complete or partial dentures depending on the patient's circumstances, replacing all or some missing teeth. Custom dentures are made employing high-quality materials and go through a more rigorous fitting procedure to achieve a precise and comfortable fit.

The dentist takes comprehensive imprints and measurements of the patient's mouth, taking into account characteristics like gum form, bite, and face structure, to produce custom dentures. The information gathered is transmitted to a dental laboratory, where expert specialists use premium materials and modern processes to create a pair of dentures that are suited to the patient's specific oral architecture. The dentist then collaborates with the patient to make any required revisions to provide the best fit, function, and aesthetics.

The lifetime of personalized dentures is affected by variables like material quality, maintenance, and changes in the wearer's dental health. Custom dentures have a longer lifetime than regular dentures owing to their high-quality manufacture. They survive for 7 to 15 years or more if properly cared for. Regular dental check-ups, on the other hand, are necessary to monitor any alterations in the fit, integrity of the dentures, or health of any remaining natural teeth and gums.

Patients who want their custom dentures to last as long as possible and who are concerned with their dental health must adhere to a strict regimen of daily cleaning, nightly removal, and soaking in a denture-cleaning solution. Furthermore, it is essential to see the dentist often so that any problems get addressed and the patient's gums, natural teeth, and custom dentures continue to thrive.

4. Immediate Dentures

Denture Definition

Immediate dentures are dental prosthetics that are meant to be inserted in the patient’s mouth immediately after tooth extraction. It offers the user a temporary set of teeth throughout the recuperation process, enabling them to keep their look and basic functioning while the gums and jawbone heal from the extractions. Immediate dentures are complete or partial, depending on the number of teeth replaced.

The dentist is going to take imprints and measurements of the patient’s mouth before any teeth are extracted to begin the process of making instant dentures. Dentures are made from these molds to seem as natural as possible to the wearer. Dentists have the option to promptly replace lost teeth by inserting immediate dentures into a client’s mouth following tooth extraction. Following the dentist’s advice for post-extraction care is crucial for a successful recovery and the avoidance of issues.

Immediate dentures have a shorter lifespan than traditional or custom dentures because they are intended as a transient solution during the recovery process, which usually takes between three and six months. The shape of the gums and bone alter as they recover, resulting in a looser fit or pain. Adjustments and re-alignments are frequently required to accommodate these alterations. The patient needs a change to a permanent pair of dentures when the healing process is over. These dentures are either conventional or custom-made, based on the patient’s specific requirements and personal preferences.

Patients must clean and care for their immediate dentures as directed by their dentist amidst the recuperation process. Dentures have to be cleaned and removed each night for cleaning, and a denture cleaning solution must be utilized as directed. Denture wearers need to arrange regular checkups with their dentists to facilitate a speedy recovery, resolve any fit concerns, and make the smooth transition to a permanent denture solution.

5. Implant Supported Dentures

Denture Definition

Implant supported dentures are a form of dental prosthesis which relies upon dental implants for a sturdy and steady basis. These dentures, which come in complete and partial varieties, are employed when a patient has enough jawbone density and healthy gum tissue to support the implants.

Implant supported dentures are made possible via a surgical procedure which inserts titanium posts called dental implants into the patient's jawbone. These implants fuse to surrounding bone through a process known as osseointegration to produce a solid and long-lasting anchor for the dentures.

A single set of dentures is made and affixed to the implants after the implants have completely integrated, either using a bar-retained or ball-retained mechanism. Such strong attachment abolishes the need for adhesives and avoids slippage for a more natural and pleasant experience.

Implant supported dentures often last longer than conventional dentures due to its solid base and high-quality components. The prosthetic teeth on the denture needs replacement or maintenance every 5 to 10 years depending on variables like wear and changes in the patient’s oral health, although the dental implants themselves endure for 20 years or more with adequate care and maintenance.

Patients need to practice strict oral hygiene, particularly daily denture cleaning, frequent implant caring, and constant dental checkups, for preservation of implant supported dentures’ longevity and oral health’s excellence. Dentists keep an eye on the condition of the implants, the gums around them, and the integrity of the denture during these visits, assuring the continuing stability and usefulness of implant supported dentures system.

6. Snap-In Dentures

Snap-In Dentures, commonly referred to as locator dentures, are a form of implant-supported dental prosthesis that is held in place by a unique attachment system. These dentures are either complete or partial, and they provide better stability, retention, and simplicity of use than regular removable dentures.

Snap-In Dentures are obtained by surgically implanting dental implants into the patient's jawbone. A pair of custom-made dentures with locator attachments is prepared once the implants have properly merged with the bone. These connectors adhere to the implants and enable the denture to "snap" into place for a secure and pleasant fit. Patients easily remove and reinsert their dentures for cleaning and maintenance due to the snap-in mechanism.

The longevity of Snap-In Dentures is determined by a variety of variables, including material quality, correct maintenance, and changes in the patient's dental health. Dental implants survive for 20 years or more with proper care and maintenance. The denture's prosthetic teeth need to be replaced or maintained every 5 to 10 years, depending on variables like wear and changes in the patient's dental health.

Snap-In Dentures last longer and keep the mouth healthy if one practices good oral care. It means cleaning the dentures every day and brushing and flossing around the implants every day. Furthermore, it is important to get regular dental checkups to enable the doctor to check on the health of the implants, the gum tissue around them, and the denture itself. Such regular monitoring helps make sure that the snap-in dentures keep working and stay stable, giving patients an easy and long-lasting way to replace missing teeth.

7. Overdentures

Overdentures are a form of dental prosthesis that fits over the remainder of natural teeth or dental implants to render extra support, stability, and bone structure preservation. These dentures, which are either complete or partial, are intended to boost retention and relieve strain on one’s gums compared to standard dentures.

The procedure of getting overdentures starts with the dentist analyzing the client’s remaining teeth or dental implants to see whether they are capable of supporting the denture. Natural teeth sometimes require a root canal procedure and the implantation of metal crowns to act as secure anchors in certain circumstances. The dentist takes impressions of the patient's mouth to build a personalized set of overdentures. These dentures are then modified and fitted to guarantee a secure and pleasant fit.

The length of time that overdentures last varies on many things, such as the quality of the materials, how well they are cared for, and how the patient’s mouth health changes over time. Overdentures are capable of lasting between 5 and 10 years or even longer with the right care and upkeep. However, it is important for patients to go to the doctor regularly to check on any changes in how the dentures fit, how well they work, or the health of the remaining natural teeth or implants.

Individuals with overdentures must take good care of their teeth and gums by cleaning their dentures every day, taking them out before bed, soaking them in a denture-cleaning solution, brushing, and flossing, as needed. It is imperative that the client undergo regular dental checkups in order to maintain the gums, natural teeth, dental implants, and general steadiness and functioning of the overdentures.

8. Upper Dentures

Upper dentures, sometimes referred to as maxillary dentures, are dental prosthesis created particularly to fill in the gaps left by losing upper jaw teeth. These dentures are either complete or partial depending on how many teeth are being replaced, and are composed of metal, acrylic resin, or a mix of both. They are used to help people who have lost teeth due to things like age, dental illness, or trauma regain their look, functionality, and general oral health.

The dentist must first take precise imprints and measurements of the patient's upper jaw to achieve a secure and comfortable fit for the patient's upper dentures. A dental laboratory uses these information to produce a pair of personalized dentures that are specifically crafted for each patient's individual oral anatomy by trained professionals. The dentist then collaborates with the patient to customize the fit and validate the functioning of the denture, assuring the patient's utmost comfort and aesthetic appeal.

The quality of the materials used, how well they are cared for, and changes in the wearer's dental health all affect how long upper dentures last. Upper dentures tend to last up to ten years or more with the right care. It is vital that patients contact their dentist on a frequent basis to keep an eye on any changes in the fit, the durability of the dentures, or the condition of the patient's remaining natural teeth and gums,

Patients must maintain appropriate hygiene, including daily washing of the dentures, taking them out at night, and soaking them in a denture-cleaning solution, in order to prolong the life of upper dentures and preserve good dental health. Regular dental check-ups are important in order to prevent problems from developing later on and to maintain the stability and functioning of the patient's upper dentures as well as the health of their gums and natural teeth.

9. Economy Dentures

Economy dentures are a form of dental prosthesis that is reasonably priced and made to replace lost teeth for those on a tight budget. These dentures, which are either complete or partial, are often produced from less expensive materials such as regular acrylic resin. Economy dentures provide an affordable option for those who are missing teeth, but they are not as comfortable, attractive, or long-lasting as more costly solutions like bespoke or implant-supported dentures.

The dentist has to take impressions and measurements of the patient's mouth to build a pair of economy dentures that suit the patient's gums and jaw. Economy dentures are not as finely suited to the individual's oral anatomy as more costly choices since they are created using a more uniform procedure and less expensive materials. The dentist collaborates with the patient to make necessary fit adjustments and assure basic functioning once the dentures are made.

Economy dentures' longevity is influenced by a number of variables, including the materials' quality, how well they are cared for, and changes in the wearer's dental health. These dentures normally last between 3 and 7 years with adequate care but are less durable than other kinds of dentures due to their more affordable manufacturing. Patients must contact their dentist on a frequent basis to check for any alterations in the fit, structural integrity of the dentures, or the condition of the patient's remaining natural teeth and gums.

Patients must engage in appropriate hygiene, including daily washing of the dentures, taking them out at night, and soaking them in a denture-cleaning solution, in order to prolong the life of economy dentures and preserve good dental health. Regular dental exams are essential for spotting any problems early and assuring the stability and operation of the patient's economy dentures as well as the general health of their gums and natural teeth.

What is the cause of Denture?

The causes of denture are the following:

  • Gum disease: Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is an infection that affects the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. The patient presents with symptoms of swollen, tender, red, or bloody gums. Untreated gum disease results in gum recession, and eventually leads to tooth loss.
  • Tooth decay: The occurrence of tooth decay is attributed to the buildup of plaque, a sticky bacterial film that deteriorates the enamel of teeth. The condition results in the formation of dental caries, which compromises the integrity of the tooth and ultimately culminates in dental extraction if not addressed promptly.
  • Trauma or injury: Traumatic incidents such as accidents, sports injuries, or falls result in dental damage such as chipped, cracked, or avulsed teeth. Extraction of the affected tooth is necessary in cases of significant dental trauma, potentially resulting in the requirement for dentures.
  • Malnutrition: Poor nutrition has adverse effects on the oral cavity, leading to a reduction in the strength of the teeth and gums. Insufficient intake of vital nutrients leads to dental weakness and fragility, thereby increasing the likelihood of dental caries and tooth loss.
  • Bruxism (teeth grinding): Bruxism is a condition characterized by the involuntary grinding or clenching of teeth, resulting in the excessive wear and damage to tooth enamel. It results in a weakening of the teeth over a period of time, rendering them more susceptible to cracking, chipping, or breaking, and probably resulting in tooth loss.
  • Congenital conditions: Certain individuals are born with congenital conditions that lead to the absence or malformation of teeth. The utilization of dentures in such instances is deemed necessary to facilitate adequate mastication and enhance aesthetic appeal.
  • Age-related factors: The probability of tooth loss escalates as individuals progress in age, owing to a confluence of factors, including prolonged usage of teeth, reduced saliva production, and an increased susceptibility to gum disease or other dental complications.

What are the Advantages of Denture?

Below are the advantages of dentures.

1. Improved appearance

The utilization of dentures significantly improves an individual's aesthetic appeal by addressing the spaces created by absent teeth and reinstating their smile. The prosthetic teeth are fabricated to closely mimic the natural dentition in terms of color and shape, resulting in a pleasing and authentic aesthetic outcome. Therefore, patients who have been fitted with dentures frequently report an improvement in their self-assurance and confidence when interacting with others, both in social and professional contexts.


An individual who has suffered the loss of multiple anterior teeth as a result of trauma is able to achieve the restoration of one's confidence through the utilization of a partial denture that is precisely fabricated to emulate the shade and contour of their original dentition.

2. Restored function

Patients are able to restore their ability to properly masticate food and articulate speech with greater clarity with the use of dentures. The absence of teeth has a notable effect on an individual's masticatory and speech abilities. However, dentures offer a reliable and functional substitute that closely emulates the function of natural dentition. It facilitates individuals to relish a broader array of foods and communicate more efficiently with their peers.


A patient who experienced difficulty consuming certain foods, such as apples or corn on the cob, as a result of tooth loss is able once again enjoy these foods with the aid of a properly fitted denture.

3. Enhanced oral health

Dentures serve the dual purpose of replacing missing teeth and promoting improved oral health. The use of dental appliances aids in preserving appropriate tooth positioning by obstructing the movement of adjacent teeth into unoccupied areas. It mitigates the likelihood of subsequent tooth loss, periodontal disease, and other oral health complications. Furthermore, the utilization of dentures facilitates the maintenance of optimal oral hygiene protocols, including brushing and flossing, thereby promoting a healthier oral cavity.


The remaining teeth of an individual with multiple missing teeth on one side of the oral cavity undergo a shift towards the vacant spaces, leading to improper tooth alignment. The use of a partial denture effectively prevents such an issue and sustains the correct positioning of the teeth.

4. Support for facial muscles

The dental structures are vital in providing support to the facial muscles and preserving the innate contour of the face. The absence of teeth result in a reduction of support for facial muscles, potentially causing a sunken or sagging appearance. Dentures offer crucial support to the facial muscles, aiding in the preservation of a more young and full facial structure, ultimately improving the patient's overall aesthetic.


Patients who experienced complete tooth loss observes a positive change in their facial structure following the acquisition of a full set of dentures, as the dentures aid in preserving the inherent contour of their face.

5. Customizability

Dentures possess a high degree of customizability, enabling dental practitioners to fabricate a prosthetic that caters to the distinct requirements and inclinations of every patient. The dental prosthetics are customized to correspond with the dimensions, contours, and hue of the patient's original dentition, thereby ensuring utmost comfort and aesthetic appeal. The meticulous attention to detail and individualized approach guarantees the harmonious integration of dentures with the patient's natural teeth, resulting in a smile that appears authentic.


A partial denture is fabricated in the case of a patient who has lost a singular tooth to harmonize flawlessly with their remaining teeth, resulting in a denture that is nearly undetectable.

6. Affordability and accessibility

Dentures are generally more cost-effective and widely accessible in comparison to alternative tooth replacement modalities. Dentures provide a flexible and economical option for individuals with different levels of tooth loss, while dental implants and bridges are expensive and are not appropriate for all patients. It renders dentures a desirable alternative for individuals in search of an affordable and convenient remedy for tooth loss.


A person on a limited budget who has lost a lot of teeth choose dentures because they are a low-cost option that is easy to get from a dentist.

7. Adaptability

Dentures possess adaptability, thereby enabling modifications or adjustments as required to suit alterations in an individual's oral health or preferences. It is necessary to modify or reline a denture in the event of gum tissue or jawbone changes, or tooth loss, to ensure optimal comfort and functionality for the wearer. The adaptability of dentures guarantees their longevity and versatility as a solution for individuals with missing teeth.


The denture is adjusted or relined in the event that a patient who wears dentures loses more teeth or undergoes alterations in their gum tissue, in order to maintain a comfortable fit.

What are the Disadvantages of Denture?

The following are the disadvantages of dentures.

1. Adjustment phase

People often experience an adjustment period when they first begin wearing dentures, during which they are going to experience discomfort or difficulty with actions such as speaking and eating. It is due to the initial discomfort of having something foreign in the oral cavity and the necessity for the tongue and facial muscles to adjust to dentures. The adjustment phase differs in duration, but with practice and perseverance, the majority of people eventually adjust to their dentures and find them to be more comfortable and helpful.


For instance, a new denture wearer initially has difficulty uttering specific words or experiencing painful areas on their gums until they adapt to their dentures.

2. Lesser chewing efficiency

Dentures fail to offer the same level of chewing efficacy as natural teeth because they are not anchored to the mandible. Denture wearers consequently have to avoid specific foods or change their dietary patterns to accommodate their dentures. The restriction limits the diversity of foods a person enjoys and necessitates more careful chewing in order to guarantee proper digestion.


Denture wearers find it difficult to consume some hard or sticky foods, such as uncooked carrots or caramel, since dentures lack the sturdiness and durability of real teeth.

3. Maintenance and cleaning

Proper care and cleaning are essential for keeping dentures in excellent shape and maintaining overall dental health. Denture users must commit to a regular cleaning program, which involves brushing the dentures with a soft toothbrush, soaking them overnight in a denture-cleaning solution, and practicing proper dental care for the natural teeth and gums. Such extra maintenance is time-consuming and needs more attentiveness than simply caring for natural teeth.


A denture user, for example, must remove their dentures everyday for cleaning, soak them overnight, and maintain appropriate oral hygiene to prevent problems like foul breath, staining, or gum infections.

4. Risk for damage or breakage

Dentures, composed of materials such as acrylic and metal, are susceptible to breakage or damage if not handled with care or maintained appropriately. It is important to note that individuals who wear dentures must exercise additional care when handling them. It is recommended that denture wearers clean their dentures over a soft surface to reduce the likelihood of unintended drops and potential harm. Furthermore, dentures experience wear and tear or sustain damage with the passage of time due to regular usage, thereby requiring either repair or replacement.


For example, the dentures get cracked or break if a person accidentally drops them on something hard, and it needs to be fixed or replaced.

5. Requires periodic adjustments and replacements

It becomes necessary to make modifications, reline, or substitute the dentures as a patient's oral condition evolves, to guarantee optimal comfort and functionality. These alterations are attributed to variables such as gingival recession, alveolar bone resorption, or even fluctuations in body mass. Frequent consultations with a dental professional are imperative to oversee the adequacy and efficacy of dentures and manage any complications that are going to emerge. However, it results in persistent costs and inconvenience for individuals who wear dentures.


For example, a person who has worn dentures for a long time loses bone in their jaw, causing their dentures to fit too loosely and need to be adjusted.

6. Decreased taste sensation

Certain dentures, especially those that cover the upper palate, impede an individual's capacity to completely taste and relish specific foods. The palate is an essential component in the perception of taste, and its coverage by a denture results in a reduction in the strength and intricacy of flavors. The impact of such a condition on the overall enjoyment of meals is significant and causes frustration for denture wearers.


For example, a person with a full upper tooth finds it hard to taste or enjoy certain tastes because their tongue is less sensitive.

7. Risk for oral irritation and infections

Improperly fitted dentures or inadequate denture hygiene result in a range of oral health complications, including irritation, ulcers, and infections. Improperly fitting dentures cause friction against the gingival tissue, leading to the formation of painful sore spots or ulcers that necessitate medical intervention. Improper maintenance and hygiene of dentures cause the accumulation of microorganisms such as bacteria or fungi, which result in infections such as gingivitis or oral candidiasis.


For instance, a denture wearer with ill-fitting dentures develop excruciating painful areas or ulcers on their gums, which necessitate treatment.

8. Less stable

It is important to note that dentures do not offer the same level of stability as natural teeth or alternative tooth replacement methods such as dental implants, which are surgically attached to the jawbone. Dentures are dependent on suction, adhesives, or clasps for retention, which result in a sensation of instability or displacement during functional activities such as mastication or speech. The presence of such instability leads to discomfort and self-consciousness, ultimately affecting an individual's confidence and overall quality of life. It is necessary to consider additional stabilization options for the dentures to address one's concern. Dental implants or implant-supported dentures provide a more secure and stable fit.


For example, a person with dentures feels its shift or movement when they talk or eat, which makes them feel uncomfortable or self-conscious.

What are the Risk Factors of Denture?

The following are the risk factors of denture:

  • Old age: The probability of experiencing tooth loss rises as individuals advance in age, owing to factors such as physiological attrition, reduced salivary secretion, and an elevated susceptibility to periodontal disease, necessitating the use of dentures.
  • Excessive alcohol usage: Alcohol abuse causes gum disease, dental decay, and tooth loss through eroding tooth enamel, drying out the mouth, and encouraging bacterial growth.
  • Tobacco usage: The use of tobacco products causes harm to oral tissues by decreasing blood flow, compromising the immune system, and elevating the likelihood of infection. These factors result in the development of gum disease and eventual tooth loss.
  • Being male: There is a higher incidence of periodontal disease and tooth loss in males compared to females according to research, which is attributed to variations in hormones and lifestyle choices.
  • Lack of frequent dental care: Irregular dental check-ups lead to the advancement of dental issues such as tooth decay and gum disease, thereby elevating the probability of tooth loss and necessitating the use of dentures.
  • Poor oral hygiene: Failure to adhere to daily brushing and flossing regimen result in the accumulation of plaque, thereby predisposing to dental caries and periodontal disease. Inadequate oral hygiene is a contributing factor to dental extractions, necessitating the use of dentures.
  • Diabetes: The presence of uncontrolled diabetes results in gum inflammation and hinder the body's capacity to combat infections, which exacerbate gum disease and heighten the likelihood of tooth loss.
  • High blood pressure: It has been observed that hypertension increases the likelihood of gum disease and tooth loss by affecting blood vessels and causing inflammation, which have adverse effects on oral health.
  • Gum disease: Periodontal disease is a condition that causes harm to the gums and supporting bone structure, ultimately resulting in tooth loss. Dental mobility and subsequent tooth loss in advanced stages of the disease, require the use of dentures.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: The autoimmune condition has the potential to incite inflammation in the oral tissues, thereby elevating the susceptibility to periodontal disease. The pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis is linked to chronic inflammation, which has a deleterious impact on the periodontal and osseous tissues, ultimately resulting in tooth loss.

What are the steps to Denture Fabrication?

The following are the steps to denture fabrication:

  1. Preliminary dental consultation. The dental practitioner is going to assess the individual's oral health, deliberate on the feasible alternatives, and ascertain the appropriateness of the denture intervention.
  2. Tooth extraction (if necessary). There are cases where the remaining teeth are deemed inadequate for providing support to the denture. Extraction of such teeth is carried out prior to the commencement of the denture procedure.
  3. Impressions and bite registration. The dental professional obtains dental impressions of the individual's oral cavity in order to fabricate a mold for the denture. Additionally, the practitioner is going to record the patient's bite to verify the appropriate positioning of the artificial dentition.
  4. Wax model and try-in. A wax prototype of the denture is produced utilizing the impressions obtained, and subsequently, the patient undergoes a fitting process to assess the suitability, bite, and aesthetic aspects. Modifications are implemented at such a phase to guarantee both ease and optimal performance. Such a particular step holds significant importance in comprehending the process of fabricating partial dentures as they necessitate an accurate fit with the remaining teeth.
  5. Final denture fabrication. The dental laboratory manufactures the final denture utilizing materials like acrylic, metal, or flexible resin, contingent upon the category of denture being produced. The aforementioned procedure holds significant importance in the dentures' fabrication process, as it guarantees optimal fit and functionality. It is especially relevant when contemplating the production of partial dentures, which are designed to harmonize flawlessly with the patient's natural dentition.
  6. Denture fitting and adjustments. The dental professional proceeds to adjust the finished denture, ensuring that it conforms to the patient's oral cavity with appropriate snugness, ease of wear, and optimal performance. Appropriate modifications are implemented to guarantee the denture's comfort and stability. Ensuring patient satisfaction is a crucial aspect of the denture procedure, and a critical step in such regard is the fabrication of partial dentures that function harmoniously with the patient's natural dentition.
  7. Follow-up appointments. The individual is going to be scheduled for subsequent appointments with the dental practitioner to evaluate the denture's conformity and perform any requisite modifications as needed throughout the course of treatment. Routine examinations and upkeep play a vital role in the durability of both complete and partial dentures, thereby enhancing the overall efficacy of the fabrication and maintenance of partial dentures.

How much does a Denture Cost?

Denture Definition

The price of dentures is subject to considerable variation based on a range of factors, including the composition of the materials utilized, the particular classification of denture, as well as the dental interventions necessary. Denture expenses in the United Kingdom are commonly quantified in pounds and vary from a few hundred to several thousand pounds. Patients who are contemplating the use of dentures frequently ask, "how much for a false tooth?" The response is contingent upon the aforementioned factors.

The cost of dentures is significantly impacted by the choice of materials utilized in their fabrication. Dentures made from premium materials like porcelain or advanced acrylics have higher costs because of their superior aesthetic and durable properties, in comparison to less expensive alternatives like standard acrylics. Furthermore, the incorporation of metal frameworks or clasps in the design of dentures results in increased expenses.

The cost of dentures vary depending on the particular anatomical structures involved in the denture fabrication process. A partial denture is typically a cheaper choice compared to a full denture that replaces an entire dental arch, in instances where a limited number of teeth require replacement. Moreover, it is probable that the expenses escalate in cases where the denture is upheld by dental implants, owing to the supplementary surgical procedures and materials implicated.

The cost of denture placement is influenced by the dental procedures that are necessary. Certain patients require supplementary procedures prior to the provision of their dentures, like tooth removal, gum reshaping, or bone augmentation. The implementation of these procedures contributes to the overall expenses incurred during the denture fabrication process. Furthermore, the charges linked to the proficiency of the dental practitioner and the geographical situation of the dental facility exert an additional impact on the final expense.

How long does it take to Recover from Denture?

The recuperation period subsequent to denture placement is subject to individual variation. However, the usual time frame for the primary adjusting phase after acquiring dentures is approximately 4 to 8 weeks. Patients who wear dentures encounter certain discomfort or soreness during such a period, as the gums, facial muscles, and tongue adjust to the dentures' existence. Patients, during the initial weeks, experience challenges with speech and eating, along with possible occurrences of soreness or irritation in the oral cavity.

It is imperative to schedule routine follow-up consultations with the dental practitioner to address any issues, make essential modifications, and guarantee optimal fit and functionality. Remember that the recovery period gets extended for individuals who have had tooth extractions or other oral surgeries before receiving dentures, as the oral cavity requires a period of healing before the dentures are worn comfortably. The healing duration, in such instances, varies from a few weeks to a few months prior to the fitting and adjusting of dentures for utmost ease and efficacy.

What are the side effects of Denture?

Listed below are the side effects of denture:

  • Discomfort: Individuals encounter discomfort, sore spots, or irritation during the initial period of denture use, because their gums, facial muscles, and tongue adjust to the dentures. The aforementioned phenomenon tends to diminish as the person becomes more adapted to the denture.
  • Speech difficulties: Individuals who wear dentures experience initial difficulty in articulating specific words. Engaging in regular speech practice and repetition of difficult vocabulary gradually enhance one's speech clarity.
  • Difficulty eating: Individuals who wear dentures are required to make alterations to their dietary patterns in the transitional phase, such as reducing the size of food portions, and refraining from consuming hard or adhesive foods, in order to accommodate their dentures.
  • Affecting taste sensation: Certain denture designs, especially those that encompass the upper part of the palate, have an impact on taste senses, thereby influencing the overall taste experience.

Overall, the prevalent side effects of dentures encompass discomfort, challenges in speech, problems with eating, and potential alteration of taste sensation during consumption. The aforementioned side effects tend to decrease in intensity as the individual becomes more adjusted to wearing their dentures. Frequent dental examinations and appropriate denture maintenance mitigate these side effects and guarantee a pleasant denture-wearing encounter.

Can wearing dentures help to improve the appearance of a gummy smile?

Yes, wearing dentures assist to enhance the look of a gummy smile in certain circumstances. Dentures are custom-made prosthetic teeth replacements that are customized to change the gum-to-tooth ratio and lessen the prominent appearance of the gums in a person's smile.

Dentures, however, are not the best or most efficient treatment for everyone with a gummy smile since they are often only used for those who have had considerable tooth loss or damage. Other therapies such as gum contouring, orthodontic therapy, or cosmetic dentistry are more appropriate depending on the precise reason and severity of the gummy smile. It is essential to speak with a dental expert to choose the best course of treatment.

Is Denture painful?

No, dentures are not painful when accurately fitted and adjusted. However, there is a few pain or soreness while an individual adjusts to wearing dentures. It is usually only transitory, and any inconvenience or pain must go away as the individual gets used to the dentures.

Visit the dental specialist in case the discomfort continues or worsens. It is a sign that the dentures need to be changed. Dentures, if appropriately fitted, are supposed to restore the wearer's ability to eat, converse, and grin with full confidence.

Is Denture a surgery procedure?

No, dentures are not surgically performed. Dentures are personalized prosthetic devices used to replace lost teeth and restore oral function and aesthetics. Dentures are normally obtained via a series of dental sessions in which imprints of the patient's mouth are taken and the dentures are developed and altered to achieve a perfect fit.

However, in certain situations, a surgical procedure, like tooth extractions or pre-prosthetic surgery, are required to prepare the mouth for dentures. It includes removing any remaining broken teeth or altering the jawbone or gums to give a stronger base for the dentures. These surgical procedures are distinct from the making and fitting of dentures.

Is Denture the same as Dental implant?

No, there exists a distinction between dentures and dental implants, despite their shared function of tooth replacement. Dentures are a type of removable prosthesis that have been devised to address the condition of tooth loss, which involve multiple teeth. The composition of such dental constructions involves a base of acrylic material colored to resemble human gum tissue, supplemented with either porcelain or acrylic denture teeth. Complete dental restorations are designed to replace an entire arch of teeth, while partial restorations are aimed at replacing specific teeth.

Dental implants represent fixed prostheses comprising a titanium post surgically embedded into the jawbone, serving as an artificial dental root. The post is affixed with an abutment and subsequently topped with a dental crown following the implantation procedure, thus resulting in a reliable, steadfast, and aesthetically pleasing substitution for the missing tooth. Dental implants are widely employed in the restoration of a singular tooth, multiple teeth, or an entire dental arch by means of implant-borne dentures or bridges.

The fundamental differentiations between dentures and dental implants pertains to factors such as their extractability, steadfastness, capacity to conserve bone, maintenance regimen, as well as durability. Dentures are a removable form of tooth replacement, whereas dental implants are a permanent means of attachment. Dental treatment implants, owing to their direct osseointegration with the jawbone, impart superior structural support and aesthetically pleasing outcome to the oral rehabilitation procedure. Additionally, they serve to preserve jawbone density by promoting bone stimulation during the process of mastication, a function which conventional dentures fail to perform.

Maintaining dentures necessitates daily cleansing and frequent modifications, while dental implants entail solely normal oral hygiene and periodic dental checkups. Moreover, it must be noted that dental implants boast an extended duration of functionality compared to dentures, and with appropriate maintenance procedures, persist for the duration of a patient's lifetime.

The selection between utilizing dentures and dental implants is impacted by an assortment of factors that entail the individual's dental health, the extent of tooth-loss necessitating replacement, financial constraints, and individual inclinations. The inherent durability, natural aesthetic appeal, and potential for bone preservation are commonly identified as significant advantages of dental implantation as a long-term solution for tooth replacement. Dentures, in contrast, offer a more cost-effective and minimally intrusive alternative for specific individuals. It is imperative to consult with a dental professional in order to identify the most suitable course of action for a patient's distinct needs and individual circumstances.

What is the difference between dental bridges over dentures for multiple missing teeth?

Dental bridges and dentures are prosthetic devices employed to restore function and aesthetics to individuals with multiple missing teeth. Dental bridges and dentures possess discernible distinctions warranting distinct consideration, despite their shared purpose.

Dental bridges refer to permanent dental prostheses consisting of one or more synthetic teeth, known as pontics, anchored by adjacent authentic teeth or dental implants. The dental crowns affixed onto either the supporting teeth or implants effectively secure the pontic in position, consequently functioning as a bridge to span the gap created by the absence of teeth. Bridges are affixed prosthetic appliances which require accommodating the adjacent teeth by alteration of their structure. The data presented herein serves to provide a comprehensive answer to the query, "what is dental bridge?"

Dentures are considered to be a portable oral prosthetic device that serves to replace either a partial or full arch of teeth, as necessary. The dental prostheses under consideration exhibit a gum-colored plastic foundation alongside porcelain or acrylic teeth that are capable of mimicking the appearance of natural teeth.

Partial dentures are designed to serve as a prosthetic appliance for the replacement of a limited number of missing teeth. The stabilization of artificial teeth is achieved through the utilization of clasps or precise clips, which are affixed onto the remaining natural teeth. Complete dentures are prosthetic devices intended to replace a total arch of teeth, according to current dental scientific knowledge. They are secured through mechanisms of suction, adherence to the gingival tissue, or through the utilization of dental implant technology.

The fundamental dissimilarities separating dental bridges from dentures pertain to anatomical characteristics, namely their fixed or removable nature, their respective support mechanisms, their influences on surrounding dentition, as well as their degree of inherent comfort and stability. Dental bridges represent a permanent prosthetic solution for tooth loss, in contrast to dentures, which comprise a detachable appliance facilitating removal for purposes of cleansing and maintenance. Bridges are supported by adjacent natural teeth or dental implants, while dentures are supported by the gingiva, remaining teeth, or implants.

The essential procedure of preparing adjacent teeth to facilitate the installation of bridges requires the elimination of a portion of the dental structure. Nonetheless, it must be noted that typically, adjustments to the neighboring teeth are not necessary for dentures. Bridges exhibit greater stability and comfort in comparison to removable dentures. The absence of mobility during common activities such as speaking and eating is attributed to its stationary position.

The decision between dental bridges and dentures is dependent on several factors, such as the number of missing teeth, the state of the remaining teeth, the preferences of the patient, and financial considerations. Dental bridges generally offer enhanced stability and comfort in comparison to dentures, coupled with a heightened natural sensation.

However, it must be noted that they are not suitable for full-scale substitution of a considerable quantity of absent teeth, and their implantation frequently entails alteration of surrounding teeth. Dental prostheses, commonly referred to as dentures, provide a relatively less invasive and cost-efficient option for replacing a set of multiple teeth. However, in comparison to bridges, dentures offer inferior levels of stability and comfort. Obtaining guidance from a dental professional is indispensable for determining an optimized approach that is specifically customized to one's distinct needs and circumstances.

Dentist Dr. Dt. Erdem CETIN
Dentist Dr. Dt. Erdem CETIN

He started his professional career in a private practice in Antalya in 2005 and served there until 2012. Between 2012 and 2016, he continued his work as a partner at the institution named KlinikAntalya. In 2016, he founded Myra Dental Centre Turkey and continues his professional activities there. Additionally, he has strengthened his expertise in the field with his membership in the International Congress of Oral Implantology (ICOI).